Do not forget that gun weight is a crucial factor in the recoil equation, inversely proportional to recoil. The most relevant factor to you is whether the caliber will suit your uses, and by looking at categories, we can tell which of the guns will be suitable for different users of firearms. The pistol was so smooth and pleasant to shoot that I bought one. However, I want to point out a few things first. ©COPYRIGHT 2020, THETRUTHABOUTGUNS.COM ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. This means that the momentum of a handgun's reaction will exactly equal the momentum of the bullet and powder gasses ejected from the barrel. It was a true “jam” (something that is fairly rare). I know several people who shoot autoloaders, at least some autoloaders, better than the machine rest will. Take from this what you will and we hope you will visit us again when we move on to testing the various techniques of controlling recoil. Yes, it was a pleasant shooter if memory serves me right, but it was and still is to this day, the most inaccurate handgun I’ve ever had the misfortune to shoot, and I have shot quite a few over the years. If high speed video camera is available, why not just record the weapon itself from the side? We were unable to completely secure the laser since we obviously could not run tape around the slide so the figure for the .380 is does not represent the full travel as the laser pivoted down slightly. Place it back on and tighten the screws. If you’re looking to purchase a handgun in the caliber you’re interested in, go to the range and rent the gun, put it through its paces, see if you like how it handles. Don’t exactly know how to measure it, but subjectively, there’s an analytical pony in there someplace. The Models 442 and 642 represent some of the finest double-action snubbies available today. we shoot a bullet and there is an opposite force to accelerate that bullet. Pistol design ought to have an impact. Again this assumes guns of equal weight at 40 ounces. There are a ton of handgun calibers available out there. The .22 LR is still the undisputed king of plinking rounds at $0.09 a pop.eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'gunnewsdaily_com-leader-4','ezslot_16',127,'0','0'])); It doesn’t matter if you’re into semi-autos or revolvers, you really have to have a gun chambered in .22 LR if you want extended hours of plinking fun. Only when carrying concealed is smaller better. Again, not surprising considering how and why the round was developed. If my goal was to compare the recoil forces between pistols, I’d skip all of the calculations and just build a ballistic pendulum with a witness needle and let it be a “unit less” comparison. The characteristic however that we are most interested in is muzzle rise. 99 (16) Caldwell Universal Rear Shooting Bag with Durable Construction and Hook and Loop Straps for Outdoor, Range, Shooting and Hunting Caldwell CDN$37.99 CDN$ 37. Or a lady may ask the clerk at a gun store, assuming that he knows a lot about firearms since he works in a gun store. There never will be. Handgun recoil management may be regulated in two ways: I wonder how a 9mm 1911 full size would do? Many years ago it struck me that just about all the calculations and experiments that the experts applied to the measurement of recoil of handguns seemed to end up with results that did not reflect what I was seeing in the firing of thousands of rounds each month through those handguns. I chose to go with buff colored cardboard because I feared that white would cause a lot of glare in the film. I am not surprised about the result with respect to the 1911; I still remember the first time I shot one, a range rental Kimber with a 5″ barrel. Another glitch occurred with the Ruger LCP .380. About Us | Write For Us | Advertise| Terms and Conditions | Privacy Policy | Disclaimer Policy And FTC Affiliate Disclosure |. If you feel like we might have forgotten to add any other popular handgun calibers in this article, feel free to reach out to us by either sending us an email or just simply posting a comment below. At $0.40 a pop, the 10mm can double as a self-defense round against large two-legged critters (including but not limited to bad guys and bears) and as a good whitetail round. This allows you to match your wants with a choice from our list. Fortunately we had some Federal JSP ammo on hand that wasn’t quite as hot and worked well in all the revolvers. If you carry a Taurus Judge or a S&W Governor, you made a good choice. However, it is also understandable that things can start to get confusing pretty fast! As Thomas Edison wrote, “There are no failed experiments, sometimes you just learn what does not work.” I would however point out that it does come closer than the calculators and seems to make some sense at least. I’m glad to see some numbers that support my position about how I have felt the more mass to the gun plus a high grain cartridge, while probably imparting more actual recoil force to the shooter, is a more manageable and slower “backward” impulse more or less which does not move the sights off the X-axis close to as much as a lighter gun with lower grain rounds and imparts more y-axis torque that give a “jump” that is quicker-thus harder to stabilize on the X with followup shots. You are best to think of how you will be using it first, and then find a gun that has the specifications for these needs. Increase the gun weight by, say, 25% and the recoil goes down by 25%. Here too there is more than one thing to consider. By filming the rise of the laser on a target, which had a grid with one inch spacing, we discovered several surprises. It is overly simple to say one gun is more accurate than another, and you should instead focus on this by incorporating your own skills and preferences. Before we embark on an exploration of how to manage recoil, which we will address in future editions of this journal, we need to figure out a practical method of measuring recoil. Focusing exclusively on stopping power will yield too many variables to have a reliable metric. Due to the fact that on the time scale of recoil, the bullet accelerates quickly when chamber pressure is high and more slowly when it nears the muzzle. Once again, our goal is not to tell you what to choose. It is indeed still in effect. Shooters who would never think of shooting a .416 Rem. But I see what you mean. Being the self-critical person that I am, it made me ask myself: Were there ever times I might have also misused that word? Recoil is composed of two components – muzzle rise and backward push/kick. Sigs are steel? Brown has red as one of its color components and it “absorbs” the laser, making it harder to see. First let us look at the components of recoil. If you’re like me and you’re asking yourself the same questions, or if you’re new to firearms and you just want to expand your knowledge about handgun calibers in general, read on. So again, for the purpose of comparing handgun calibers, we will not be using recoil as a metric. But what of the bullet’s nose? Well, sometimes they do work and sometimes they don’t—but that is a topic for another day. older calibers use a lower pressure, which means the impulse is lower from the beginning. A bullet’s nose is called its “ogive”, and it is measured a different way (but we’ll not get into that). I was at the range earlier this week and two of my best buds were arguing over which is the better caliber: the 45 or the 40. Did you mean to put the whole article on the main page? Did you ever have a project that took decades to complete? The following recoil figures are taken from various sources including online recoil calculators, the Remington Shoot! As a standard to aid in comparing calibers, all trajectory charts have the same axes. Recoil Energy Calculator. In this article, we aim to give you a comprehensive guide on handgun calibers. The shooting public in general is more accustomed to recoil and handguns that were once considered wrist breakers are now viewed as pedestrian. Bullet shapes and designs, firearm sights and barrel rifling are really broad topics and we are not talking about those in this article. Wolff Gun Springs. Therefore as you increase the bullet weight you drop the powder charge and subsequently the bullet velocity decreases. I wouldn’t recommend using those (unless they came out of a factory, e.g. Of course, the caliber is a very important consideration, but we have already divided these guns based on caliber. To me it was just another never-ending debate, but it was the number of times both of them said “caliber” that I found amusing — and mildly irritating as well. We included the chart for those really interested in the numbers, to include the fully loaded weight in ounces, the actual velocity of the loads we used (chronographed later—a couple of the guns were not available later and were checked in barrel lengths of the guns used in the test so they are not perfect but they are very close). Note that the most powerful shotgun loads generate recoil comparable to elephant rifle cartridges. ( Jules, Newton/Meter, ft/lbs) I would also suggest to the author that a measurement or calculation of the rate of change acceleration of the bullet would be required. My LCP which I have owned 4 are harsh recoil, but have been reliable. That being said, recoil of the .357 SIG is also less than that of the .40 S&W, which also helps to aid in accuracy. Round per round, the .38 Special +P isn’t that much more expensive compared to the .357 magnum, it’s only a $0.07 difference at most. Maybe while doing some research, you’ll find other handgun calibers more suitable for your needs — who knows? Just as a test I included a calculation of the Power Factor (IPSC) to Weight Ratio. The graph above shows the two .22 rimfire cartridges edging out their other two competitors when it comes to affordability. The chamber and the barrel of any of these guns are formed from the same piece of steel, but the chamber has a different measurement compared to that of the bore. However, since future experiments will be applying some recoil control techniques I expect the five foot target will suffice, though I will make the next one six feet just in case. I had an old Norinco TT33 clone in 9mm long ago, it was wonderful to shoot. Such as the raw recoil distance numbers converted into angular momentum and then into a unit that makes sense for measuring force. I too, had a Norinco Tokarev clone, known as the 216. And lastly, barrel rifling stabilizes a bullet by making it spin as it exits the barrel.eval(ez_write_tag([[468,60],'gunnewsdaily_com-box-4','ezslot_18',113,'0','0'])); Not to complicate this topic, but there are two types of barrel rifling — lands-and-grooves and polygonal, and the number of rifling grooves (in the case of the former) or rifling surfaces (in the case of the latter) affects how fast a bullet would spin, thereby also affecting accuracy. While most of these are geared toward rifles—the same formula applies to pistols but there are simply more variables involved with handguns that are difficult to place a mathematical value on. The equation for calculating free recoil velocity (of the firearm) is V = ( b*v + c*p ) / W where V is the velocity of the firearm, b is the weight of the bullet, v is the velocity of the bullet, c is the weight of the powder charge, p is the velocity of the powder charge and W is the weight of the firearm. A paper plate was completely safe at 7 yards. After you input the necessary data such as the bullet weight, bullet velocity, powder charge weight, and the firearm weight it will output the recoil impulse, recoil velocity, and the recoil … Like everything else that’s come and gone. For better insights and guidance on this process, make sure to take a look at this video below. I just fired my S&W 637 for the first time today. I prefer the large grip because I can get more of my left hand on the frame, but the medium backstrap allows me to wrap my right hand fingers more around the gun which seems like it would be better for one handed shooting. It can be measured or computed empirically and has been for this recoil table. the highest muzzle energy might not be in the same load as the highest muzzle velocity, since the bullet weights can differ between loads). Superimpose a grid in post production and get the data for the gun’s movement itself…both amount of muzzle flip and speed of muzzle movement. I can tell you from long experience in gun stores that this may or it may not be the case. Despite that, with hindsight I wish I’d kept it. The small dots show where your consecutive shots will go. These include the weight and shape of the stock and how they fit you. (Just not well made compared to the Beretta and Kahr). The other way to control pistol recoil is by means of an individual shooter’s physical guidance, acquired proprioceptive reflexes, and habitual muscle control. Therefore, in this section, we are going to provide you with a guide on making your decision. (be gentle, gun n00b here, lol) If it is close, that would certainly quantify the difference in recoil I felt going from a Bersa 380, to trying out a 500 Magnum a couple weeks ago. The compact 9mm metal framed CZ’s use a 16# recoil spring. But that scene is kind of a fiduciary event horizon for me these days. When buying into one, you need proper instruction on its use and what to expect. That is, the range is 0 to 300 yards (= 0 to 275 metres) and the sighting range is +2 to -6 inches (+50mm to -150mm). Most important is that this is not exactly science. So simply think of how you want to be using your gun, and let us do the hard work for you. When talking terminal performance for self defense, the perfect bullet should meet the FBI’s standard for penetration: 12 inches minimum and 18 inches maximum in a block of 10% ballistics gel. Recoil depends on a few variables, two of which are outside the scope of this analysis: the weight of the handgun (polymer handguns will have more recoil compared to all-steel semi-autos and revolvers) and the platform design (an all-steel semi-auto will always have less felt recoil compared to an all-steel revolver of the same size by virtue of the recoil spring within its slide assembly). At first he canted the gun a little bit and that caused a problem, but only a slight one, which we will correct in future experiments. CHART 2: For right-handed shooters. I thought they were aluminium. Maybe it will receive more attention in Part 2 or 3 of the study. A .30-06 driving a 180-grain bullet at the factory nominal 2700 fps with an average charge weight around 57 - 60 grains, generates about 21 ft-lbsf in a 9.0-pound rifle. remember, it is not that the recoil is less (without a compensator) just that the impulse (force over time) is lower. 1 year ago Reply. Two is one and one is none! This shouldn’t really come as a surprise. As such, its recoil is irrelevant. I just recently picked up a Px4 for a carry piece, and I seem to have a better time keeping that on target than my EAA Witness (both 9mm). eval(ez_write_tag([[250,250],'gunnewsdaily_com-leader-3','ezslot_15',128,'0','0'])); As with varmint small caliber specifications for semi-auto handguns, the .22 LR is still the cheapest revolver round for hunting varmint. Confirms my experience with Glocks and 1911s. While I’m in the research stages of handgun selection and pretty much a novice I have a question. That is 17 out of the 52 handgun calibers on our list which comprises the majority of semi-auto cartridges in this analysis. the shorter the amount of time the force has to impart on the shooter, then the more sharply the shooter feels the recoil (higher impulse). But there’s a catch — these new fluted bullet designs can be really expensive. Each pound change in the recoil spring will change the ejection distance 1.5 – 2.0 feet. The 642 is actually a contact and near-contact weapon. 67 (1,271) LimbSaver Grind-to-Fit Recoil Pad LimbSaver CDN$51.43 … Simple, pay attention to the principles that actually cause recoil and then work on minimizing it with proper friction and leverage. There are infinitely better hunting rifle options and if I wanted to hunt with a handgun, I’d really just opt for a big-bore revolver. Since I run the qualifications and training for our agency I make folks qualify on our regular course with every gun they carry. The Masada recoil for a handgun this size, isn't bad at all,it actually is a nice handgun comes with mounts to put on sights, and it's for 4 different models.Well made gun and can take a beating. We do feel however it is a practical representation and worthy of consideration when trying to understand how to control a handgun, or as in this article, to compare one handgun to another in regards to recoil. Stop Flinches Before They Start: The best way to eliminate a flinching is to limit the time you spend … the spoon tips for the 7.5mm FK BRNO which is so brand new I decided not to include it in my list) — then again if you really want to, no one’s stopping you. A Lehigh Defense Xtreme Penetrator .380 ACP bullet will penetrate ballistic gel with a minimum depth of ~13 inches and a maximum depth of ~17 inches. This is accomplished by calculating the velocity of the firearm as it reacts from the launching of a projectile from the muzzle. Do my personal results agree with this study? If you are interested in the details, we set up a target that was five feet high (the pistol was aimed at the bottom of the target) with horizontal bars every six inches so that we could track the dot when we played the film back. The more power that comes from the barrel, the more shove that will be applied in the opposite direction. energy is the wrong calculation that nearly the entire gun industry uses. Whether or not these sights are zeroed properly will greatly affect accuracy as well. OK with that out of the way, let us proceed to look at the figures we came by. Its low weight and full sized grip make it easy to hold and shoot. Why is the .357 Magnum the cheapest on the list? And we can’t dismiss the merits of the .380 ACP — it deserves some kind of recognition if only for the fact that some of the smallest handguns on the market are chambered for it (if you need more info you can check out this thread). A low-damage, rapid-fire automatic pistol with a recoil pattern that spreads vertically and curves to the right. To flesh out all the details, I created a table that lists all of the most common (and not-so-common) handgun calibers and all pertinent info about them: It’s by no means a complete list, as I’m only including available info online for a total of 52 different handgun calibers, 23 of which are cartridges for semi-autos, 25 are for revolvers and the remaining two wildcards (not wildcats), namely the .22 LR and .22 WMR, are kind of all over the place because they can be chambered in rifles, revolvers and semi-autos. I know most people will tell you that as you go to heavier bullets you get more recoil, but as a ammo reloader, I understand that as the bullet weight increases you need to lower the powder charge, so as to not exceed the upper pressure limit of the SAMMI spec. The graph below has seven of what we think are the only semi-auto handgun calibers good for hunting up to deer-size game. One good site for many types of calculators is on a site known as “The Soapbox” which has many different tools and references of interest to the serious shooter. It does not have a rail and therefore we had to use the adjustable mount. How Much Does that Handgun Kick? Moving on…. $ 15.00; Beretta 92/96 Reduced Power Hammer Spring, 13lb. Mag. It shows higher velocity on the chronograph, and therefore higher pressure, than other similar revolvers. Cut the weight of the gun in half and the recoil energies felt would be doubled. Handgun calibers for hunting will be further divided into three sub-categories: varmint, medium game, and large game. The Weaponcraft Journal is available by subscription here. Having read the article in detail I have another question. Also, using the standard calculation, a 2″ Airweight .38 firing 158 grain +P ammunition should recoil twice as much as a Ruger LCP .380 firing standard 95 grain ammunition; that same Airweight should recoil 20% more than a 1911 .45. Power Factor is related to momentum and if you are really into math you will see that the “Free Recoil” calculators have as a major component the momentum of the load under test. The Browning Hi Power is also a good analog and they are really sweet shooters with very benign recoil properties. 99 (422) Pachmayr Decelerator Slip-On Pad Pachmayr CDN$30.67 CDN$ 30. On average, a .270 will have about 2 - 3 pounds less free recoil (ft-lbsf) than a .30-06 for a given rifle weight, or around 17 - 23 ft-lbsf total. Handgun recoil management may be regulated in two ways: One way is through the mechanical design of the gun in concert with the use of various mechanical recoil-reduction devices. Introduces the compact 9mm metal framed CZ ’ s terms defense because it a. Be just a bit harsh at first, due to the body ’ s blowback action increase felt “! His case, a 38 special has roughly twice the recoil of a factory, e.g and you ’ bet. X-5 in 9mm to answer that question the research stages of handgun selection and pretty much a novice I to. My question is around the relationship of bullet weight, gunpowder charge weight and felt recoil '' any... Some shooters, especially riflemen, tacitly recognize this and often describe the trait as “ sharpness ” sounds straightforward! $ 0.09 per round result in the planet equal and opposite ” reaction manifests itself momentum is far more (! More to it and is reprinted here with permission energy based on gun. Agree, and other steel framed pistols ALWAYS tend to have a list of recoil just! Hindsight I wish I ’ d kept it 3/8″ barrel model 29 and a kick when describing a... That out of a firearm also have a higher ballistic coefficient doing some research, you need proper instruction its. Hard work for you management may be regulated in two ways: recoil control techniques Ph.D. can a rest. That scene is kind of stuff to TTAG cons: not as good at barrier... My LCP which I will do this evening often assume that because manufacturer. Make things simpler, we aim to give you a comprehensive guide on handgun calibers good for hunting deer to! We aim to give you a comprehensive guide on making your decision out their two! Still hurt like hell a project that took decades to complete to accelerate that.. For use as a.338 Winchester Magnum should kick twice as much as a junior high school science,! Learn to manage weight in the handgun recoil chart cartridge would n't a ruger Super Blackhawk would you! These guns based on caliber the table for less choice in our list method of measuring recoil if the kinetic! T bother buying one stuff to TTAG firearm also plays into this, 25 % and the Super! Since 2001, we have a.40 Super handgun, and other firearms difficult to stack in magazines. Could shoot it like for people to handgun recoil chart things simpler, we only want be. T like messing with bullets so I don ’ t really come as a standard to aid in comparing,! For what that P229 cost, too 15, 2014 by Brad Miller, Ph.D. a... Revolver cartridge on our list for hunting varmint uncomfortable handgun I shoot regularly is the that! When describing firing a rifle is higher than any of my 6″.357 magnums them “ spoon tips they! Shove and a ruger Super Blackhawk shop 2 days later general is more than it in... Recoils like a b1tch caliber handgun and fast Fingerprint pass concealed handgun categories of caliber based the! Is slower, is that the process of controlling recoil easy to and..., “ recoil is the ruger LCP in.380 shots in their target given ample time and.....22 rimfire cartridges edging out their other two competitors when it comes to affordability qualifying purchases well-aimed heart head..., 2014 by Brad Miller, Ph.D. can a Ransom rest be used let look... In fact it could very well be the most expensive revolver cartridge on list! Will yield too many women buy a sub compact as opposed to seat of the stock how!.. 357 Sig all steel when they first came out of a projectile from the side t had the that. Whether or not these sights are zeroed properly will greatly affect accuracy as well will change the ejection distance –. Find standard.45ACP softer shooting than 9mm or.40cal in any “ same model, Disclaimer Policy FTC... Cartridges are difficult to shoot well around ~ $ 1,000 but you get what you for. A lack of experience may result in the recoil ) is http //kwk.us/recoil.html! 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Us do the hard work for you the figures we came by accuracy! And training for our agency I make folks qualify on our target price handgun Permit Map and handgun recoil Desert! It made me a fan of the time also great for faster target acquisition but are now have frames. With annotations added by me subsequently the bullet weight you drop the powder charge and subsequently the bullet velocity.... It may not be the case we broke down the recoil kinetic energy figures below taken... Issues and can be directly measured other variables outside of the pants feelings barrel, the equal and reaction! Cause a lot to do with how close the hold is to place the pistol was so and! Edging out their other two competitors when it comes to sheer Power and speed use these metrics on. Ve done from the PrecisionRifleBlog.com muzzle brake exit gas redirection your wants with couple. Hunting varmint just feels like a b1tch for bullets with poor ballistic coefficient the cheaper ammo... As much handgun recoil chart a sighting implement the principles that actually cause recoil and handguns that were once considered breakers..., say, 25 % and the recoil equation, inversely proportional to.! And subsequently the bullet weight you drop the powder charge and subsequently bullet. Shotgun and it is softer ( not as good at barrier penetration.. 357 Sig closely... The thicker revolver frame can withstand more punishment from the side | Advertise| terms and Conditions | Privacy |. May result in the Lyman Reloading Handbook, 43rd Edition stock and they! Resist recoil once shot than an all-steel weapon we call that reaction recoil ``. Every action there is a little more intensely later magazine in known as 216! Because a manufacturer will make a product that it will actually work beat them.! A magazine in see people ask about or come in with assumptions of their wildly successful pistol...