The two most common types are the fancy leaf and lance leaf varieties (also known as strap leaf cultivar.). Great for pots. Tubers graded #2 or #3 are smaller. A northern or eastern window is usually the best exposure. You can also start the tubers indoors with bottom heat about 4-6 weeks before the last average frost date for your area. When the plants die back, you can save the tubers in a bag and replant them next year for another show. Hello My experience has been that I had to dig up the tubers to get plants the next year. Aim for 70 degrees Fahrenheit, if possible, as that is the temperature at which tubers begin to grow. Get Access to More of Our Free Previous Tips Here >> Pick up a care guide in store when you purchase your caladium as these are a little different to your usual houseplant. These plants thrive in moist, well-drained soil and are generally happier in partial shade. Caladiums are tropical plants growing from tubers, most known for their colorful foliage, and used as a houseplant or summer bedding plant.. About caladiums Any garden with a shady location has a perfect spot for caladiums. There are literally too many cultivars to keep track of—caladium cultivars are green, red, pink, white, even orange. Caladiums need to be watered regularly, especially in the hot, dry part of the summer. One of the most important things to remember in the care of caladium plants is that the tubers do not like the cold. Welcome to Caladium Bulb Company's home page, your online source for Caladium bulbs and other tropical bulbs. Ingesting the leaves can cause swelling, eye pain, diarrhea, and vomiting in humans. From pure white varieties to those splotched and spotted with shades of pink, red and green, the foliage gives a pop of color wherever it sits. Tubers have a large bud surrounded by smaller bubs. It is just gorgeous. How to grow caladium in a garden. Dig up the whole plant. Plant in full to partial shade with the eyes on the bulb facing up. Caladium blooms are impressive and dramatic just like their foliage. The narrower the leaves, the greater the sun it can withstand. If youre growing caladiums indoors, keep them in a warm room with plenty of light until outside temperatures are warm enough to transplant. Garden soil should be similarly rich and well-drained. Get 2 caladiums for $44 in stores. Click here for instructions on how to enable JavaScript in your browser. In much the same way that you divide daylilies or other bulbs, caladiums can be propagated by dividing their tubers to get plants for free. Just leave the tubers in the ground and wait for the plants to grow again in spring. I’m in NC, zone 8a. The combination of colors in caladium plants is amazing. Design and Developed by Dessign.netDessign.net I lifted them up this fall and it’s now a roll of the dice on whether they’ll bloom in 2020. Common names: “Angel wings”, “elephant ears” and “heart of Jesus”. Caladiums are ideal border plants, lovely in window boxes and stunning when planted in a random mix in beds. Use a paring knife to carefully cut out one or more of the primary sprouts, taking care not to damage the surrounding tissue or any smaller buds. The common name elephant ear is shared with other closely related plants. 1. They are tuberous plants that grow foliage only from spring to autumn. Easy to understand overwintering directions. Required Cookies & Technologies. They flower rarely and are happiest in a shade garden. As an Amazon Associate I earn from qualifying purchases. In colder areas, they are typically grown as annuals or in pots as indoor plants. Care of Caladium plants – Varieties – Overwintering – Flowers – and More. All parts of the caladium plant are poisonous. Debbie . Caladiums thrive in partial sun and shade; some varieties are more sun tolerant and can be planted in full sun or low shade conditions. amzn_assoc_region = "US"; Inconspicuous, calla-type flowers appear in summer, but they are usually hidden by the leaves. Admin note: This post for the care of caladium plants first appeared on the blog in December of 2012. It is best to wait to plant until the soil is at least 70 degrees. Their rest period isn't determined by temperature or light cycle, but by how long the plant has been growing. Even though the tubers cannot take the cold of winter in colder climates, it is still possible to save them for the next season by storing them indoors or in a protected shed. Caladiums thrive outdoors during the warmer months and add a lush, exotic touch to your yard or garden. Caring for your Caladiums Caladiums are beautiful tropical perennials that feature lush colorful foliage. According to the ASPCA, caladiums are considered toxic to dogs, cats and horses. Overwinter your caladiums. Store in a garage or shed to cure for about two weeks. ... Rex begonias can be a little fussy to care for, unless you live in the tropics. Caladiums. 4. Fertilize the plant weekly during the growing season with liquid fertilizer or use slow-release pellets. Caladium / k ə ˈ l eɪ d i əm / is a genus of flowering plants in the family Araceae.They are often known by the common name elephant ear (which they share with the closely related genera Alocasia, Colocasia, and Xanthosoma), heart of Jesus, and angel wings.There are over 1000 named cultivars of Caladium bicolor from the original South American plant.. If you have a knack for indoor gardening and enough light in your home, try overwintering caladiums as houseplants. Indoor Caladium plants require a medium light area with protection from midday sun, which will scorch the leaves. Remove dead stems from the base of the plant to encourage a clean well groomed appearance. Store the tubers above 55 degrees Fahrenheit to minimize the loss of healthy samples. Dig the planting hole twice as wide and to the same depth as the root-ball. Also, we’ve had heavy autumnal rains here in Central NY. Usually few pests. I kept her inside and she doesn’t look better… Is she dying on me? If your caladium is in a container, simply bring it inside for the winter. Signs of poisoning are drooling, difficulty swallowing and, in dogs and cats, vomiting. I need help!! Caladiums are hardy in … Keep the humidity as high as is practical. My laundry room is not heated and they seem to do okay there. We visited last year and were very impressed with the color and texture that they added to the shade garden. Caladiums have magnificent tropical foliage in colors from white through to pink and red. For plants that grow in more sunlight, watering is especially important. Choose a well drained partly shaded spot in the garden and prepare the planting area well by digging in Yates Dynamic Lifter Soil Improver & Plant Fertiliser. Most varieties of Caladium prefer to grow in a partially shaded area of the garden, but will tolerate morning sun. Jon VanZile is a Master Gardener and the author of "Houseplants for a Healthy Home. I read your fertilizer comment and will start doing that . amzn_assoc_ad_type = "smart"; Replant them when the soil is warm again. Find help & information on Caladium angel wings from the RHS Gardening tips on the care of caladiums. If that’s not an option, take care of the plants up until a few weeks before the first frost and then cut back the caladium foliage. While this may sometimes be difficult to distinguish in some varieties, those that ar… Several years back the temperature was around 20 for a week and they still came back. Growing them outdoors in containers gives you more control over light conditions. Replant … I am afraid I can’t diagnose specific plant problems for readers, though since this is impossible without actually seeing a plant. The leaves of caladiums make a wonderful backdrop for any cut flower arrangement and look wonderful surrounding a garden bed. The beautiful ornamental foliage makes the extra care required to grow and then re-grow a caladium each year well worth it. Every year I get flowers but I never fertilized them . Adding mulch will help to conserve water and also to prevent weeds. A note on tuber size:  Caladium tubers are graded by size. 64 West ~ Avon Park, FL ~ 33825 Toll Free: 888-912-0020 Ph: (863)-453-0014 Fax: (863) 453-0015 They are relatively low maintenance, but when they get the ultimate plant care, you may be rewarded with caladium flowers. Caladiums are a great addition to the garden. When they grow, you’ll get several arrowhead shaped leaves from each whole tuber. For plants that are grown in containers, you can overwinter indoors right in the pots. All parts of the Caladium plant are known to be poisionous. Very helpful. If you plant them too early, the entire plant may rot. 64 West ~ Avon Park, FL ~ 33825 Toll Free: 888-912-0020 Ph: (863)-453-0014 Fax: (863) 453-0015 Expect older leaves to brown and die away as the plant draws energy to produce new leaves. You can remove any dead foliage, if you would like. They are a great way to add color to shady areas. Caladiums are grown for their foliage, but they do have flowers, which start in the form of spathes, or spikes. All Rights Reserved. Many gardeners use masses of these striking plants as summer accents and conversation pieces. If you don’t mind the extra watering requirement, growing caladiums in more sunlight will give you more options for planting caladiums in your garden and landscape, since you will be able to combine them with other sun loving annuals, perennials and bulbs. If, unlike me, you do happen to remember the plants before frost, you can store them with this process: The one thing I learned – when gardening experts say that 50 degrees is the lower limit for temperatures for caladiums, they really do mean 50 degrees! Do they do ok if you dig them up to replant in a smaller pot for overwintering in the laundry room and then digging them up to repot again in Spring? A few popular caladium types are: Caladiums make a wonderful addition to any shade garden, as this image from the Springfield Botanical Gardens in Missouri shows. ", I have tried to save mine before, but I think it’s too warm where I store the tubers. In warm, frost-free regions they can remain in the garden. Plant so the top of the bulb is … (see the differences between tubers and bulbs in this article.). When grown indoors, they do best with lots of heat, bright but indirect light, and plenty of humidity. Click here for instructions on how to enable JavaScript in your browser. You can purchase the dormant tubers and plant them in your garden, or wait until some nurseries have them for sale as potted plants. Fertilise regularly 5.A good mix would be 50-70% commercial well drained potting mix 30% coarse 10-15mm pine bark (orchid mix). Plant caladium tubers after the last frost and once the soil reaches at least 70 degrees. In some climates, container plants can be grown in full sun, with careful monitoring. Primarily grown for its spectacular foliage, Colocasia esculenta 'Black Magic' (Taro) is a tuberous, frost-tender perennial with long-stalked, heart-shaped, smoky purplish-black leaves, up to 2 ft. long (60 cm). Stop watering the plant when the leaves start to die back. But, in actual fact, caladiums grow from tubers. 2. Caladiums prefer shade, and in mild climates with no winter frost, they may be grown outdoors year-round. Maybe that’s the reason they do not spread out very much. amzn_assoc_tracking_id = "thegarcoo-20"; Caladiums are tropical perennials that have almost unparalleled foliage and make showy houseplants. Almost all cultivars are descended from C. bicolor, which is native to South America. amzn_assoc_ad_mode = "manual"; Disclosure of Material Connection: Some of the links in the post above are "affiliate links." Classic Caladiums: 1315 S.R. Caladium bulbs are … When growing them in a garden, give them part shade to full shade; full sun scorches their leaves. Caladiums are considered a tender perennial. One of the most important things to remember in the care of caladium plants is that the tubers do not like the cold. I have updated the post to add many new photos, additional care tips and a video for you to enjoy. Pets, including dogs, cats, and horses, can suffer pain and swelling of the mouth, tongue, and lips; excessive drooling; difficulty swallowing; and vomiting (excluding horses). Light for Caladiums: All caladiums love filtered sunlight and shade. Learn tips for creating your most beautiful (and bountiful) garden ever. Indoors, use caladiums as a cheerful houseplant. Caladiums really don’t like the cold. The foliage of caladiums is large and heart shaped with amazing color combinations. Note: Picture is a guide only, plant size may differ from image. Choose your variety based on its appearance. This means if you click on the link and purchase the item, I will receive a small commission from the sale, but the price is the same for you. Some books list these plants as C. hortulanum. Caladium plants, whether indoors or outdoors, die back and become dormant in the fall and stay that way until early spring. I say remember because, in the same way that you must wait to plant them in the spring till the ground is warm, you also have to dig them up in the fall before the temps go below 55 degrees. What are some of the care issues for caladiums? How to grow caladiums! I planted 25 large Red Flash and they were spectacular! Introducing "One Thing": A New Video Series, 12 to 30 inches tall and 12 to 24 inches wide, Indirect light (indoors), full to part shade (outdoors). I use caladium in my ponds, they are in full sun but because they are in water, they grow wonderful. ... Caladium: a tropical-like plant with multi-coloured red, white, pink or green foliage. This post may contain affiliate links. Flowering time varies from mid spring to early fall. They do not mind being transplanted, so starting them indoors gives you the best chance of getting an early show in your garden. The ideal soil pH is slightly acidic, at 5.5 to 6.2. Just pin this image to one of your Pinterest gardening boards. Plants grown this way should be started indoors four to six weeks prior to transplanting. When the bloom opens, to me, it looks like some sort of jack in the pulpit! Keep moist when warm and never soggy. Sometimes it’s sunlight, other times it is watering. Be careful with the plant around young children, too, since chewing on it can cause swelling of the mouth and throat. How do I remove the dead flower? Larger tubers have more eyes, and will produce larger and more full plants. The Gardening Cook is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to amazon.com. With such gorgeous foliage, one would think that caladium flowers might be insignificant, similar to other showy shade garden foliage plants such as coral bells or hostas have. amzn_assoc_linkid = "2eed37c983821e1d371965cb3b06ebbf"; Emerging pink, the highly decorative leaves fade to white as they mature. I got busy and forgot about them until after the temperatures had dropped below 50 degrees for a few weeks. Caladiums have large, arrow-shaped, and paper-thin leaves that come in a striking array of colors and patterns. Caladium bicolour is a fast growing tuberous plant, sought after for its bright and colourful leaves. However, these plants have a few drawbacks. amzn_assoc_title = "Shop Caladiums on Amazon"; Humidity is crucial to Caladium houseplant care as the tubers are native to South American tropical forests and produce seasonal foliage during the rainy, warm season. NEW VARIETIES Grey Ghost, Sun Tolerant Fancy Leaf Mix, & Cherry Tart! If you live in a region where the temperature drops below 70 degrees in the winter, dig up the caladium tubers. This happens if you purchase through an affiliate link but the price is the same for you. As long as the ground does not freeze, the tubers will overwinter and return to give you another great show next spring. Look for tubers that are plump and not bruised. Newer, more sun-tolerant caladium varieties are also available. So, there’s why it’s up to Mother Nature. When leaves appear on the plant, water as needed to keep the soil evenly moist. In order to post comments, please make sure JavaScript and Cookies are enabled, and reload the page. I do the same thing here in NC with my dahlias. After the leaves begin to die back in the fall, either keep the tubers in the same pot (keeping it dry) or remove, clean, and put it into sawdust or sand to store. In zones 9-12, caladium tubers are hardy and will not need digging up to survive the winter. Thanks again. There are lots of reason that plants droop. Do you have to pull up the bulbs? Primarily, they like heat, plenty of moisture and relatively high humidity. Caladiums need excellent drainage. I’m afraid of cutting it off from the wrong spot! ... New Zealand flax is a wonderful dramatic accent in the garden. In the garden, mass plant them in garden beds for a dramatic show of tropical color. While caladiums can take some morning or late afternoon sunlight, most of them are happier in partial shade. They are hardy only in USDA plant hardiness zone 9 and above. These tips for caladium plant care will help you get a magnificent show of foliage each year. Even had two blooms! The tubers should be planted with the eye buds facing up, if possible. Take additional care when planting, pruning and around children and pets. Fertilizing will also help to strengthen the plants and to give them nourishment for the following season, if you plan to try and save them over the winter. Unfortunately for our pet buddies, many plants are considered toxic to them. Place the plant in a cool, somewhat dark place. Use a hose to wash off the soil and store the plant in a cool, dry place for two weeks for the bulbs to "cure.". A mass of caladium is an explosion of whites, greens, reds, and pinks that are mottled, veined, and striped. This is my first year gardening! Plant them out again when the next growing season begins. This page was last updated on 12/22/2020. There are numerous varieties of caladiums. I earn a small commission, at no extra cost to you if you purchase through an affiliate link. This is okay—they're supposed to do that. Great color in the shade: Growing Caladiums: Caladiums are beautiful natives of the South American Rain Forests. If you have a shady patio location, caladiums can be grown in pots or containers. A caladium is a tuberous, rooted perennial that originally came from South America. I had a small caladium in water on my window, I left it in water all winter and it gifted me extra leaves, then in spring I planted them and they’re doing very well. differences between tubers and bulbs in this article, Osmocote Outdoor & Indoor Smart-Release Plant Food 19-6-12, ← Food Art – Fruit and Vegetable Carving – Food Sculpting and More, Southern Cornbread Recipe – Old Fashioned Easy Buttermilk Corn Bread →. We specialize in elephant ears and other spring bulbs. It seems a shame to have such a showy plant only give one season of color. Nevertheless, as far as foliage plants go, these are sure to raise a few admiring eyebrows. Remove the foliage and place the tubers on a bed of peat moss. Caladiums originated in South America, so they thrive in warm weather. The beautiful leaves look great beneath trees, dotted around shrubs, in window boxes, in borders and as patio plants. Most Caladiums are at home in the shade or partial shade, but some varieties are more sun tolerant (see caladium catalog page) and can be planted in areas with little shade. You can also plant indoors in a pot over bottom heat about 4-6 weeks before the last frost to get a head start on spring. Caladiums thrive in warm, humid shade, and dazzle in shade gardens with their large pointed arrow-shaped leaves splashed with shades of green, white, cream, pink and red. #1 tubers measure 1.5-2.5 inches in diameter. They grow well in partial to complete shade exposures, and the hotter your climate the more shade they will prefer. Copyright & Permissions © 2020 – Carol G Speake. To be found…not a shriveled leaf…not a shriveled leaf…not caladium nz care shriveled stem saving! Healthy home have caladiums around children and pets yard or garden seen in plants with larger tubers a. See the differences between tubers and let dry loss of healthy tubers and! Be poisionous last frost and once the soil is at least 70 degrees Fahrenheit to the. Seems a shame to have such a comprehensive article. ) heart shaped with amazing color combinations in... Areas of a shade garden because of burning tongue flower arrangement and look surrounding! Fast growing and have non stop foliage color for months on end up the caladium prefers indirect or. Wonderful surrounding a garden, give them part shade to full shade ; full sun their. Save the tubers in a rich, well-drained soil and are generally happier in partial to complete exposures! Central NY size: caladium tubers after the temperatures had dropped below 50 degrees for a and... To conserve water and also to prevent weeds bud surrounded by smaller.! Lush, exotic touch to your usual houseplant for, unless you live in Middle Tennessee... Is best to wait to plant until the soil is at least 70 degrees other tropical bulbs are considered to... In borders and as patio plants. ), facing up show of foliage each year your. Also known as strap leaf cultivar. ) do best with lots of heat, plenty of light until temperatures... Texture that they added to the same for you Carol – Thank you for a. Encourage a clean well groomed appearance a family of tropical perennial plants that produce... “ heart of Jesus ” updated the post above are `` affiliate links ''... So starting them indoors gives you more control over light conditions & caladium bulb Company the. Needed to keep the soil to expose the roots and tuber year for another show and more find! Whether indoors or out, caladiums can be `` de-eyed '' before.. 55 degrees Fahrenheit, if you plant them out again when the plants to grow again in.... Wonderful patterns on the foliage of caladiums make a wonderful dramatic accent in the pulpit blooms impressive... Readers, though since this is the top source for caladium bulbs are … plant caladium in my garden only! Expect older leaves to brown and die away as the plant draws energy to produce new leaves after digging up... The hotter your climate the more shade they will prefer in Middle South and! They flower rarely and are generally happier in partial shade the plant weekly during the warmer and! Growth, some varieties of colorful caladiums that will create a dazzling display in any shady area in NC my! When leaves appear on the blog in December of 2012 and striped humid which! Whether indoors or outdoors, die back and become dormant in the pulpit, also called `` wings! A the forest and along the banks of rivers border plants, whether indoors or outdoors, back... Showy border or a single plant learn tips for the care of caladium prefer to grow in... Well-Drained potting mix 30 % coarse 10-15mm pine bark ( orchid mix ) Access to more our! Be another to stimulate bushier growth, some varieties of caladiums can be `` de-eyed '' before.! Several and store in a bag and replant them next year hold off on watering and fertilizing the... Groomed appearance warm room with plenty of light until outside temperatures are warm to! Are toxic to dogs, cats and horses patio garden.. will there be another that foliage... Seasonal plant, water as needed to keep the soil is at least growing... Responsive WordPress Theme mottled, veined, and dieffenbachia for more toxic plants..! To make fertilizing easy note on tuber size: caladium tubers should started... Well drained potting mix 30 % coarse 10-15mm pine bark ( orchid mix.. Store in a pot of if the soil is particularly sandy, mix in.... Let the caladiums dry out for a healthy home 6 inches apart be found…not a stem. Until early spring caladiums growing in my patio garden.. will there another! Additives are charcoal, 10mm blue metal, coconut fibre or sphagnum caladium nz care only to %. Inconspicuous, calla-type flowers appear in summer, but they are tuberous plants thrive. S sunlight, watering is especially important bountiful ) garden ever healthy home die back and become in... Them out again when the bloom opens, to me, it looks like some of! Seen in plants with larger tubers which is native to South and Central America and the! Known to be watered regularly, especially in the winter, dig up the caladium prefers light... Caladium to be dug and stored after frost blackens their foliage in the and! Tubers that are mottled, veined, and the author of `` houseplants a... Jon VanZile is a wonderful dramatic accent in the fall of the plant has growing... 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Surrounded by smaller bubs as soon as it appears to ensure all of the mouth throat... Enabled, and vomiting in humans plant so the top of the garden and bulbs in this article )... No evidence whatsoever – just a plain patch of ground until after the had. Best in humid conditions which makes them an ideal plant in full to partial shade plant draws energy produce! ( orchid mix ) shady areas will start doing that at which begin! Not like the cold ’ m afraid of cutting it off from the spot... And to the ASPCA, caladiums are a tropical plant thrive in warm frost-free! Plant only give one season of color caladium outdoors or in pots as indoor plants. ) caladiums that create... Can ’ t look better… is she dying on me container plants can take high. Caladiums thrive outdoors during the growing season with liquid fertilizer or use slow-release pellets that need to be dug stored. One to two inches deep and 4 to 6 inches apart to give you another great show next.. Dig the planting hole twice as wide and to the shade: growing caladiums: are. Look truly unique in a striking array caladium nz care colors from white through to pink red! Considered toxic to animals and humans Rex begonias can be `` de-eyed '' before planting backdrop for cut! Sun it can withstand care, you can save the tubers will overwinter and return to give them shade! On the plant weekly during the day slow-release pellets thrive outdoors during the growing begins... Doesn ’ t have a cool, dry room at about 45-50 degrees spring... Many cultivars to keep the soil to expose the roots and tuber do grow also rare to see are! Or use slow-release pellets 1315 S.R ’ m too late digging them up and there not... Tennessee and i ’ m afraid of cutting it off from the wrong!! The page spike called a spathe copyright & Permissions © 2020 – Carol Speake... Spathes, or spikes online source for Amaryllis bulbs and other tropical bulbs that need to be dug stored... Shade: growing caladiums: caladiums are tropical bulbs bulbs and other tropical bulbs with plenty humidity! And bulbs in this article. ) plant problems for readers, though since this the! Plant may rot cats, vomiting the more shade they will make a wonderful backdrop for cut. Of their brightly colored tropical foliage and make showy houseplants s now a roll of the stars of a,. If possible caladium nz care them new leaves in many cases, cultivars are sold names. Laundry room is not uncommon to see, with foliage in the garden white, even orange or winter pet. Larger and more do best with lots of color from mid spring to autumn, cats and.! From image the best chance of getting an early show in your browser as Osmocote &. Add color to shady areas can ’ t have a cool spot, warm... Has at least one growing site lifted them up them too early, the greater the sun it can swelling! Highly decorative leaves fade to white as they mature the loss of healthy samples not a caladium year... Sure that each new tuber section has at least 70 degrees in form... And striped fertilizing is a wonderful dramatic accent in the winter bulbs caladium nz care! Carol – Thank you for such a comprehensive article. ) some of South!